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How does new housing around the Solent affect birds on the shoreline?

The Solent coast is internationally important for its wildlife, with up to 125,000 waders and over 10 per cent of the global population of Dark-bellied Brent Geese. The three Special Protection Areas - Chichester & Langstone Harbours SPA, Portsmouth Harbour SPA, and Solent & Southampton Water SPA - were designated primarily to protect these waders and wildfowl, many of which travel thousands of miles to over-winter on the Solent. The building of new homes will mean an increase in recreational activity at the coast. Recreational activity such as people walking, cycling and jogging, and the presence of dogs, often disturbs the birds. Disturbance reduces the birds' opportunities to feed which can mean they have insufficient energy to survive the winter or to complete their migratory journey to their breeding sites, leading to a reduction in the bird population.